In the middle of the last millennium in the valley of the river Miljacka foundation of Sarajevo was built. Bridges over Miljacka have same significance for the residents as foundation of Sarajevo. Locals, however, are especially inclined to the bridge Trvenje. It is best know for first dates because it connected girls grammar school on one side and boys school on the other side of the river.
What you can find in Sarajevo is typical of several cities in the world. You can see Muslim mosque, Orthodox church, Jewish synagogue, and Catholic cathedral on the same street. Religious and ethnic diversity was characteristic for this city for centuries. That kind of atmosphere contributed to Sarajevo becoming the capital of turbulent European history of the 20th century, but also a milestone for events that tailored the destiny of the Balkan Peninsula in the years that followed.
The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, we may say, represents a latent border between East and West, still under the influence of the Ottoman Empire that found it and Austro-Hungarian Empire that inherited it at the end of 19th century.
Interestingly, Austro-Hungarians first introduced tram transportation in Sarajevo as to be tested before it is used in Vienna. Trams were pulled by horses at first and after a year they were switched to electric power. That’s how Sarajevo was among the first cities to have trams as transportation only five years after it was patented.
Another rarity adorns this city. In 1984 Sarajevo had the honor to host world athletes at the Winter Olympic Games. The capital was, thus, placed on the map of Olympic cities and memories are kept at the Museum of Olympic Games.
On the other hand, Bascarsija (Bashcharshia) is a part of the city that kept the spirit of old times and the ambient created by the Osman people. This is very important historical city center. You will not resist pastry shops nor craft stores where craftsmen and their apprentices sell unique handmade items. You will, nevertheless, be lured by the smell of freshly brewed coffee spreading around Bascarsija. You will be served traditional Turkish coffee in a traditional coffee pot along with Turkish delight. Coffee serving ritual is part of cultural heritage for people of Sarajevo and you will remember the taste of coffee with a sigh because here they drink coffee with pleasure.
At the end of Bascarsija stands Sabil Fountain as a special stamp of Osman heritage. There is a belief that you will return to Sarajevo if you drink from this fountain. So assure your return to Sarajevo by taking a rest by the fountain that is undoubtedly a symbol of Sarajevo.